Gardens Galore

Capensis : Cape Town's Floral Kingdom

How to

How to - Gardening Books
Autumn Veggie Garden
Care for your bulbs
Rotate crops
Stop dogs digging
Plant an Ecological garden
Plan a flower garden
Garden Timetable
Plant a new indigenous lawn
Gardening tips for March
Plant and grow Marigolds
Plant and grow Onions
Start an organic garden
Fix a green swimming pool
Grow potatoes
Grow protea cuttings
Plant roses from cuttings
Care for your Roses
Control snails, slugs and moles
Start a new garden
Plant & care for your strawberries
Plant & care for your tomatoes
Id & control Tomato plant pests
How to use grey water

Wild Flower Gardens

Cape Floral Kingdom
Darling wildflowers
Kirstenbosch Gardens
Wellington Garden

Other Links

Organic gardening
Cape Town tours

Leucospermum Relexum var. Luteum

Silver Leaf tree part of the Protea family

Before I show you some of Cape Town's floral beauty let me explain how the world's floral kingdoms work.

Worldwide there are six Floral Kingdoms.

They are the:

Holarctic Kingdom which takes up 42% of the world's land mass and can be found in North America and Asia.

Paleotropical Kingdom which takes up 35% of the world's land mass and can be found in Africa.

Neotropical Kingdom which takes up 14% of the world's land mass and can be found in South America.

Australian Kingdom which takes up 8% of the world's land mass and can be found in Australia.

Holantarctic Kingdom which takes up 1% of the world's land mass and can be found on the southern tip of South America

Capensis Kingdom which takes up 0.04% of the world's land mass and can be found on the south western tip of Africa.

This webpage is dedicated to the Capensis floral kingdom and in it we will show you some of the species that grow in the region.

The Cape Floral Kingdom occurs in a strip of land which extends inland from the coast for about 200 kilometres and forms an arc which runs from Van Rhynsdorp in the west to Port Elizabeth and Grahamstown in the east. The climate in this area is Mediterranean meaning that the area experiences hot summers and wet winters. Many of the plants that grow in the Cape Floral kingdom are able to survive fires.

Leucospermum Relexum var. Luteum

Protea Leucospermum Relexum

The Cape Floral Kingdom is made up of four major vegetation types and they are:

Mountain and Sand Plain Fynbos

which grows on infertile acidic sandstone derived sands.

Leucospermum Relexum var. Luteum

Protea Leucodendra Duet


grows on more fertile soils derived from granite or shale.


Protea Leucospermum Tottum

Strandveld where plants grow in calcareous dune sands.

Below you will find a selection of photographs of flowers in our Floral Kingdom.


Protea Sneyd

Orange/Red Pincushion

Protea : Leucospermum Tottum : Orange/Red Pincushion

Leucospermum : Guenzii

Protea :Leucospermum : Guenzii


Ericoids are shrubs with small, narrow and often rolled leaves.

 Yellow Erica

Yellow Erica

 Red Erica

Red Erica


Restioids are tufted plants with near leafless, tubular or wiry non-woody stems


Restios or reeds

Fynbos is an important economic asset to the Cape area in that it is a tourist attraction, provides outdoor recreation, flowers and rooibos tea, medicinal remedies to local communities, prevents erosion by water and is vital to scientific research.

The Capensis or Cape Floral Kingdom is a fantastic holiday attraction which has to be seen to be properly appreciated.

2011 Gardens Galore - All Rights Reserved.

Page Updated 14.3.2017