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Capensis : Cape Town's Floral Kingdom






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Leucospermum Relexum var. Luteum

Silver Leaf tree part of the Protea family

Before I show you some of Cape Town's floral beauty let me explain how the world's floral kingdoms work.

Worldwide there are six Floral Kingdoms.

They are the:

Holarctic Kingdom which takes up 42% of the world's land mass and can be found in North America and Asia.

Paleotropical Kingdom which takes up 35% of the world's land mass and can be found in Africa.

Neotropical Kingdom which takes up 14% of the world's land mass and can be found in South America.

Australian Kingdom which takes up 8% of the world's land mass and can be found in Australia.

Holantarctic Kingdom which takes up 1% of the world's land mass and can be found on the southern tip of South America

Capensis Kingdom which takes up 0.04% of the world's land mass and can be found on the south western tip of Africa.

This webpage is dedicated to the Capensis floral kingdom and in it we will show you some of the species that grow in the region.

The Cape Floral Kingdom occurs in a strip of land which extends inland from the coast for about 200 kilometres and forms an arc which runs from Van Rhynsdorp in the west to Port Elizabeth and Grahamstown in the east. The climate in this area is Mediterranean meaning that the area experiences hot summers and wet winters. Many of the plants that grow in the Cape Floral kingdom are able to survive fires.



Leucospermum Relexum var. Luteum


Protea Leucospermum Relexum

The Cape Floral Kingdom is made up of four major vegetation types and they are:



Mountain and Sand Plain Fynbos


which grows on infertile acidic sandstone derived sands.



Leucospermum Relexum var. Luteum

Protea Leucodendra Duet



Renosterveld

grows on more fertile soils derived from granite or shale.


 protea

Protea Leucospermum Tottum



Strandveld where plants grow in calcareous dune sands.

Below you will find a selection of photographs of flowers in our Floral Kingdom.



Protea

Protea Sneyd



Orange/Red Pincushion

Protea : Leucospermum Tottum : Orange/Red Pincushion



Leucospermum : Guenzii

Protea :Leucospermum : Guenzii



Ericoids

Ericoids are shrubs with small, narrow and often rolled leaves.



 Yellow Erica

Yellow Erica



 Red Erica

Red Erica



Restioids

Restioids are tufted plants with near leafless, tubular or wiry non-woody stems



 restio

Restios or reeds



Fynbos is an important economic asset to the Cape area in that it is a tourist attraction, provides outdoor recreation, flowers and rooibos tea, medicinal remedies to local communities, prevents erosion by water and is vital to scientific research.

The Capensis or Cape Floral Kingdom is a fantastic holiday attraction which has to be seen to be properly appreciated.

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Page Updated 14.3.2017